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Seeds  

Cereals Seed Varieties

WHEAT

Features of improved wheat varieties

PBW343 :

it is double-dwarf variety with an average plant height of 100 cm, if tillers profusely and has stiff straw thus is resistant to lodging. The ears are dense, fully bearded with white smooth glumes its grains are bold, amber, hard & lustrous. it is resistant to yellow and brown rusts/leaf blight, susceptible to karnal bunt & loose smut diseases. it is a long duration variety & matures in about 155 days. its average yield is 22.5 quintals per acre.

WH542 :

It is a double-dwarf variety with an average plant height of 90cm. it tillers profusely. The ears are dense, fully bearded with white smooth glumes. It has medium bold, amber, hard & lustrous grains. It is resistant to yellow and brown rusts but susceptible  karnal bunt & loose smut diseases. It is a long duration variety & takes about 155 days. Its average yield is 21.3 quintals per acre.

PBW373:

It is a double-dwarf variety with an average plant height of 90 cm, It has profusely tillering, and errect leaves and dark green foilage. The ears are dense, fully bearded with white smooth glums. Its grains are bold, amber, hard & lustrous. It is highly resistant to yellow and brown rusts/leaf blight, susceptible to loose smut diseases. It takes about 140 days to mature. Its average yield is 16.5 quintals per acre.

PBW502:

It is a double-dwarf variety. It has stiff straw and thus resistant to lodging. Plant height is about 100 cm. Ears are dense, fully bearded with white smooth glumes. Its grains are bold, amber, hard & lustrous. It is highly resistant to yellow and brown rusts, leaf blight and karnal bunt. It matures in about 155 days and its average yield is 23 quintals per acre.

PBW 509 - It is a double-dwarf variety with an average height of 90 cm. It has stiff straw, ears are dense fully beard with white glumes. Its grains are bold, amber, hard & lustrous. It is highly resistant to yellow rust and brown rusts, leaf blight and and takes 135 days to matures with average yield is 17 quintals per acre.

HD 2329 -It is a double-dwarf variety with an average height of 90 cm. The ears are dense fully beard with red glumes. Its grains are hard, bold amber. It is susceptible to yellow rust and karnal bunt diseases. It takes 145 days to matures with average yield is 21 quintals per acre.

HD 2687 -It is long duration double dwarf variety with an average height of 100 cm. Profuse tillering, dense ears fully beard with white glumes. Its grains are bold, amber, hard and lustrous. It takes 155 days to maturity. its average yield is about 22 quintals per acre. It is susceptible to yellow rust and leaf blight diseases of wheat.

 

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RICE :

Important varieties:

PR 116 - It is a semi-dwarf, stiff strawed, lodging tolerant variety. It has light green erect leaves. It grows on an average 108 cm tall. It matures in 144 days after seeding. It possesses long slender translucent grains with very good cooking quality. It is resistant to most of the races of bacterial leaf blight pathogen prevalent in Punjab. Its average yield is 28 quintals of paddy per acre.

PR 111 - It is a short statured and stiff strawed variety having erect leaves. Its average plant height is 97 cm tall. It matures in about 138 days after seeding. Its grains are long, slender and clear with very good cooking quality. It is resistant to most of the races of bacterial leaf blight pathogen prevalent in Punjab. Its average yield is 27.5 quintals of paddy per acre.

PR 108 - It is a short statured, stiff strawed and erect leaved variety. Its average plant height is 117 cm. It has tolerance to sheath blight and white plant hopper but is susceptible to bacterial leaf blight.  It is resistant to most of the races of bacterial leaf blight pathogen prevalent in Punjab. Its grains are long, slender and clear with very good cooking quality. It matures in about 145 days after seeding . Its average yield is 26.5 quintals of paddy per acre.

PR 106 - It is a short statured, stiff strawed and erect leaved variety. Its average plant height is 107 cm. It takes about 145 days from seeding to maturity. Its grains are long, slender and clear with very good cooking quality. It is susceptible to bacterial leaf blight. Its average yield is 26 quintals of paddy per acre.

PR 113 - It is a short statured, stiff strawed variety having dark green erect leaves. Its average plant height is 105 cm. Its grains are bold and heavy. It takes about 142 days from seeding to maturity. It is resistant to most of the races of bacterial leaf blight pathogen prevalent in Punjab. Its average yield is 28 quintals of paddy per acre.

PR 118 - It is a semi-dwarf, stiff strawed, lodging tolerant variety. It has dark green, erect leaves. It grows on an average 104 cm tall. It matures in 158 days after seeding. It possesses medium slender grains with very good cooking quality. It is resistant to most of the races of bacterial leaf blight pathogen prevalent in Punjab. Its average yield is 29 quintals of paddy per acre.

 

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BASMATI

Improved Varieties Of Basmati Rice

Basmati 386 : This variety is about 180 cm tall and is photo period sensitive. It performs best under medium fertility conditions. Its grains are extra-long, superfine and aromatic. Grains elongate almost double on cooking. The cooked rice is non-sticky and soft to eat. It matures in about 155 days from seeding. Its average yield is 9 quintal paddy per acre.

Pusa Basmati No. 1 - This variety is about 100 cm tall and is photo period insensitive. It performs best under high fertility soils. Its grains are superfine, highly aromatic and elongate almost double on cooking. The cooked rice is non-sticky and soft to eat. It matures in about 150 days from seeding. Its average yield is 12 quintal paddy per acre.

HBC-19 Trewari Basmati

Sugandha

 

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MAIZE

Improved Varieties:

F 9572 A : A uniform hybrid of long duration developed by private company, Monsanto. It has tall (206 cm) plants with medium ear placement (97 cm). The plants have stay green trait at harvest. It is highly resistant to lodging. It has thin stem, narrow leaves and medium tassel. Ears are thin and long with good tip filling. Grains are attractive orange flint. It yields 25 q/acre and matures in 95 days. It is moderately susceptible to post flowering stalk rots.

Paras : This is highly uniform single cross hybrid. It has thick stem, well developed root system and medium ear placement. It is highly resistant to lodging. Leaf size and tassel size is medium. Leaves are semi-erect. Ears are very long and thin and the husk covers do not extend up to the ear. Grains are bold orange yellow flint-semi flint. The cob is white and thin. It possesses stay green trait. Its average yield is 25 q/acre. It matures in about 95 days.

Parbhat : This composite has medium thick stem which resists lodging. Plant and ear height is medium tall. Husk covers are well developed. Ears are medium long and thick. The grains are medium bold, yellow-orange and semi-flint to flint. It yields about 18 q/acre. It matures in about 95 days.

Kesri : It is early maturing, high yielding composite with attractive orange-flint grains. The ear are thick at the base, taper towards the tip and have good tip filling and husk cover. Plant height and ear placement are medium. It matures in about 85 days and yields 17 q/acre.

J 1006 : It is a forage variety. Its plants are tall, vigorous and broad leaved. It is moderately resistant to maydis leaf blight and brown stripe downy mildew diseases. Its ear placement is medium. Ears are long, thick and cylindrical. The grains are white, bold and semi-flint to semi-dent. It yields about 165 q of green fodder per acre.

If the seed of J 1006 is not available, maize composite varieties recommended for grain production, viz. Parbhat, Partap, Kesri and Megh may be grown for fodder.

 

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BARLEY

Barley is usually grown on soils with inadequate irrigation facilities.

Climatic Requirements : Barley requires cool weather during early growth and warm and dry weather at maturity. Being drought resistant, barley suits to areas with scanty rainfall.

Rotations : Paddy-Barley, Kharif fodder-Barley, Cotton-Barley and Bajra-Barley.

Improved Varieties:

PL 419 : This is six rowed variety with broad & upright leaves. It is short saturated (80 cm), stiff stemmed and lodging resistant. It is resistant to yellow rust, loose and covered smuts. It is moderately susceptible to stripe disease and aphids. It has bold seeds and thin husk. It yields 14 quintals per acre and matures in 130 days. Its cultivation is recommended under rainfed conditions throughout the Punjab State specially in Kandi area. It is suitable for malting.

PL 426 : It is a six-rowed, semi-dwarf and stiff stemmed variety. It is highly resistant to lodging, yellow rust, loose and covered smuts. It is tolerant to stripe disease but moderately susceptible to aphids. The grains are bold and thin husked. It yields 19 quintals per acre and matures in 124 days. It is recommended for cultivation under irrigated conditions throughout the state.

PL 172 : It is a six-rowed, semi-dwarf and stiff stemmed and lodging resistant variety. It has purple coloured leaf sheath. It is highly resistant to yellow rust, loose and covered smuts and has moderate resistant to aphid and stripe disease. This variety has uniform grains with thin husk hence suitable for malting. It yields 17.1 quintals per acre and matures in 132 days. It is recommended for cultivation under irrigated conditions throughout the state.

 

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OATS

OL-9 : It is recommended for the irrigated areas of Punjab. It is tall, erect growing leaf variety suitable for single single/two cuttings. Seeds are medium in size. It gives 230 quintals of green fodder per acre. Its seed yield is 7 quintals per acre.

Kent : It is recommended for the irrigated areas of Punjab. It is tall, erect growing variety suitable for single/two cuttings. Seeds are bold. It gives 210 quintals of green fodder per acre. It produces 8 quintals of seed per acre.

 

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