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Seeds  

Pulses Seed Varieties

FIELD PEAS

Field was grown on 6 thousand hectares during 2002-2003. It is mainly grown in Hoshiarpur district under rainfed conditions. The crop can successfully be grown in other parts of the State under limited irrigation conditions with low inputs.

Improved Varieties

Field Pea 48 : It is an early maturing variety with erect, semi-dwarf plant type. It matures in about 135 days. It has long pods with more number of seeds per pod. It has very attractive light green, bold seeds, slightly wrinkled and possess high swelling capacity. It has very good nutritional and cooking quality. It has high protein content. Due to its early maturity, it escapes heavy damage from pod borer and powdery mildew. It gives an average grain yield of 8 quintal per acre.

PG 3 : This variety has a dwarf plant type with white flowers. It is early in flowering and maturity. The grains are creamy white, slightly wrinkled and possess high swelling capacity. It has very good nutritional and cooking quality. It has high protein content. Due to its early maturity, it escapes heavy damage from pod borer and powdery mildew. It matures in about 135 days. It gives an average grain yield of 7 quintal per acre.

 

 

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COW PEAS

The cultivation of cowpea is recommended in the irrigated areas of Punjab State. It is often grown with maize to get not only a higher yield but also increased nutrients from the green fodder. It enables the dairy cattle to maintain good milk yield during the hot and dry summer.

Improved Varieties

Cowpea 88 : This is a dual purpose variety recommended for cultivation throughout the State for fodder and as pulse crop. It is also highly resistant to yellow mosaic virus and Anthracnose disease. It has large pods and bold seeds. The seed color which is chocolate-brown is most attractive for culinary purpose. Its average grain yield is 4.4 quintals per acre but it has the potential of yielding 6.3 quintals per acre under suitable conditions. On an average, it yields 110 quintals of green fodder per acre.

 

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LENTIL

Lentil is a protein rich pulse crop of Punjab. It occupied an area of 4 thousand hectares with a production of 3 thousand tones during the year 2002-2003. The average yield was 651 kg/ha (260 kg/acre).

Improved Varieties:

LL 699 : The plants are short , erect with profuse branching. Its plants are dark green, bear high number of pods and are early in flowering. It matures in 145 days. It is moderately resistant to rust and blight diseases and possesses good tolerance to pod borer. It has good culinary properties. Average grain yield is 5 quintal per acre.

LL 147: The plants are short , erect with profuse branching. It bears high number of pods and is early in flowering. It matures in 150 days. Seeds are olive with dark spotting, attractive and possess good taste and cooking quality. Average grain yield is 4.5 quintal per acre. 

 

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