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Safed Musli Cultivation

In Atharveda, one of the divine herbs, which offers cure for many ailments and health related problems, is SAFED MUSLI strongly associated with 'CAITHA'. It was an important content of CHYAWANPRASH which was prepared 4000 years ago for CHYAVAN RISHI who married at the age of 80 years. Safed Musli is among the 20-odd species of native medicinal plants that enjoy extensive therapeutic application and expansive global market. Known by different names across the country, it has been one of the chief ingredients in Ayurveda and other local folklore medicines for ages. Safed Musli lies in its proven prowess as a safe herbal alternative to chemical-based Viagra, which is known to have certain side-effects. Increasing incidence of 'impotency' due to growing chemical pollution and the stress of modern life has phenomenally raised the demand for aphrodisiacs. The suspected and the current chemical-based aphrodisiacs opens up a world of opportunity for Safed Musli as a safe Herbal Viagra. Musli is among the few medicinal plants witnessing steadily growing use in pharmaceutical, phyto-pharmaceutical and nutraceutical products. It ranks 6th among the 28 selected priority medicinal plants, the cultivation and export of which is being actively encouraged by the Government of India, through the medicinal plants board. The Medicinal Plants Board has recognized Safed Musli as 6th important herb to be protected and promoted. The Board encourages mainstream cultivation of Safed Musli by farmers by extending a subsidy of 20% through National Horticultural Board on project cost.
Safed Musli is Aphrodisiac Adaptogen Anti-Ageing Health Restorative & Health Promoting. It goes into 7200 ayurvedic preparations. It is a miraculous herb, ever known for centuries and an alternative to Chemical Viagra is scientifically known as Chlorophytum borivilianum. Also called  "desi viagra", it belongs to the family Liliaceae. Its ORIGIN can be traced back in the oldest mountain ranges of ARAVALIS from where it spread to the near-by areas like, Gujrat, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh and the Central Deccan Plateau.

ECONOMICS

INITIAL INVESTMENT 

Rs

a)

Planting Material 3 To 4 quintals per acre priced according to the water content in tubers at the time of deliver
or
40,000 Double tubers @ RS.3.50/DOUBLE TUBERS
 


  1,40,000.00

b)

 

Cultivation Expenses -

Labour
Land Preparation
Manure
Others


     20,000.00
       5,000.00
       5,000.00
     10,000.00

c)

Total Expenses

  1,80,000.00

RETURNS FROM 1 ACRE /ONE YEAR (estimated)
4 to 5 quintals peeled and  dried material

75% A-Grade @ Rs. 1,000/Kg. Approx.

  3,00,000.00

25% B-Grade @ Rs. 800/Kg. Approx.

     80,000.00

Total Income (Rupees) -

  3,80, 000.00

Total expenses

  1,80,000.00

NET  Profit

  2,00,000.00

 

VARIETIES & USES

Safed Musli is Aphrodisiac Adaptogen Anti-Ageing Health Restorative & Health Promoting. It goes into 7200 ayurvedic preparations. It is a miraculous herb, ever known for centuries and an alternative to Chemical Viagra is scientifically known as Chlorophytum borivilianum. Also called  "desi viagra", it belongs to the family Liliaceae. Its ORIGIN can be traced back in the oldest mountain ranges of ARAVALIS from where it spread to the near-by areas like, Gujrat, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh and the Central Deccan Plateau.

Root tubers, of Safed Musli, have been in use for aphrodisiac and health promotion purpose since 11th century A.D.

Class 
Series 
Family
Genus
Species
Constituents

:
:
:
:
:

Monocotyledons
Coronarieae
Liliaceae
Chlorophytum
Borivilianum  
Carbohydrates - 42%, Proteins - 8.9%, Fibre - 34%, Saponis
* - 2-17%, Alkaloids - 25

 

Around sixteen different varieties have been identified to be found in the Indian Sub-Continent. Depending on the significant medicinal properties, Chlorophytum borivilianum, a particular variety of Safed Musli has got maximum demand and commercial value.

Other Varieties are :

Chlorophytum arundinaceum, Chlorophytum tuberosum, Chlorophytum tuberosum, Chlorophytum comosum, Chlorophytum aterniatum, Chlorophytum brevis-scapum, Chlorophytum laxum, Chlorophytum attenuatum

The Demand of Safed Musli :- There are also instances of Safed Musli being used in various ways in varied parts of the country. That underlines the reason for a great deal of demand for Safed Musli in India. Many countries in the Gulf, Europe including USA have been major importers of the dry roots of Safed Musli for a very long time, for its use in the making of various herbal products and thinks to the increasing awareness and appreciation of the goodness of herbal products. The demand for Safed Musli has been phenomenally growing across the globe. The recent times have been a witness to the resurgence of medicinal plants in human healthcare. The spiraling popularity of plant-derived healthcare products can be traced to the advent of ‘green health boom’ across the world. Apart from its gradually growing use in pharmaceutical, phytopharmaceutical and nutraceutical companies, medicinal plants are finding increasing use as raw material in diverse industries – cosmetics, detergents, dyes, insecticides, paints etc. By virtue of being the home of Ayurveda, India has naturally been a huge market for Safed Musli. In addition, increasing awareness and appreciation of the ‘natural goodness’ of herbal products across the world has bolstered the demand for Safed Musli.

At present, according to an estimate, while the demand for dry Musli is of the order of 35,000 tons per annum, the supply stands at 5,000 tons per year. Of the available quantum of Safed Musli, over 95% of it comes through wild harvesting, an act expressly prohibited by the various State Governments. The huge demand-supply chasm growing even wider each year underlines the need for a concerted effort to raise the supply through organized and scientific cultivation methods.

Vernacular Names

Shaqaqule -      (In Arabic)
Holi Musli -        (In Gujrati)
Khiruva -          (In Hindi - U.P.)
Safed Musli -     (In Marathi)
Shedheveli -      (In Malyalam)
Swetha Musli -   (In Sanskrit)
Swetha Musli -   (In Telgu)
Taniravi Thang - (In Tamil)

 

 

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