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Seeds  

Vegetables Seed Varieties

MUSKMELON

Improved Varieties:

Punjab Hybrid : Its vines are vigorous and dark green. The fruit setting takes place close to the base of the vine and early in the maturity. The fruit is round, light yellow, sutured and netted. Flesh is thick, orange colored, juicy and having excellent flavour with 12 per cent TSS. The fruits develop ‘fullslip’ stage. Average fruit weight is 800g. it is moderately resistant to powdery mildew and resistant to fruit fly. The yield is about 65 quintals per acre.

Hara Madhu : This variety is somewhat late in maturity. The fruit is large (average weight one kg.), round and slightly tapering towards the stalk end. It is very sweet (TSS 13 per cent). Its skin is light yellow with green sutures. Its flesh is thick, green and juicy. The seed cavity is small. The average yield is about 50 quintals per acre. It is comparatively resistant to powdery mildew.

Punjab Sunehri : This variety has medium vine growth. The fruit weighs about 700-800g and is global round with its rind intensely netted and light brown. It has thick orange flesh and is medium in juiciness. It is very sweet (TSS 11 per cent). The inside, of the rind, separating it from the orange flesh, is green. The fruit develop ‘full slip’ stage. The crop matures about 12 days earlier than Hara Madhu. This variety has good keeping quality. It is highly resistant to the attack of fruitfully.  It yields about 65 quintals per acre.

 

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WATER MELON:

Important varieties:

Sugar baby: This varieties produce small to medium size fruits, with dark green skin. Its TSS is 9 to 10 %. Its flesh is deep red and very sweet it yields 72 quintals per acre.

Shipper : This variety produces fruits weighing 6 to 10 kgs Its fruits are almost round, with a characteristic tripartite blossom end. The rind of the fruit is dark green and thick. The fresh is red with an average. TSS of per 7.5 per cent. Its seeds are uniform and light brown. It yields 130 quintals per acre.


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SUMMER SQUASH

Important variety:

Punjab chappan kadoo-1: It is an early maturing variety and is ready for first harvest in 60 days after sowing. Plants are bush type, with thick and erect foliage, leaves non lobed and green without white specks; petiole and leaves hairy ; fruits attractive green; disc shaped, mildly ribbed with flat stem – end and attractive. This variety has field resistance to downy mildew and tolerant to virus, powdery mildew and red pumpkin beetle. It has a high female to male ratio. Average yield of fruits is 95quintals/ acre.

 

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BOTTLE GOURD

Important variety:

Punjab long: The plants are vigorous, profusely branched bearing cylindrical light green and shinning fruits. It is suitable for packaging and long distance marketing. Average yields is180 q/acre.

Punjab komal: It is an early maturing variety. The first fruit attains marketable maturity in about 70 days after sowing. It bears oblong, medium sized, light green, pubescent, 10-12 fruits per vine. Fruits are tender and borne on medium, long, thin, pedicel on 4th or 5th node onwards. It is tolerant to cucumber mosaic virus (cmv). Average yield is about 200 quintals/acre.

 

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BITTER GOURD

Important variety:

Punjab-14:  It has smaller vines as compared to C-96. Fruit weight about 35g and is light green. Suitable for showing during spring and rain season. Average yield is   about 50 quintals per acre.

 

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OTHER CUCURBITS

Important variety:

Tienda-48: Plants are vigorous 75-100 cm long. Leaves are deeply lobed and light green. Fruits are medium sized (50g ), flat-round, pubescent, light green and shinning. Flesh is white. Yield is 25 quintals/acre.

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CHILLI

Important variety:

Ch-1: It is a hybrid between MS12 X LLS. Its plants gain one meter height and more branching. Plants continue bearing fruits for a long time. Fruits are light green when immature and attain deep red color at maturity. Fruits are of medium size (6.62cm long) and weight 2.7 g each. This hybrid is tolerant to viral and fungal diseases. Its fruits are highly suitable for drying and used as salad. Yield of red ripe chilli is 100 q/acre. Its fruits are used in processing industry. Fruits on an average have capsaicin content of 0.80%.

CH-3: This hybrid has been developed by crossing MS-12  X S- 2530. It is an early maturing hybrid with dark green foliage and pendent fruits. The fruits are long (8.2 cm ). The color of immature fruit is dark green and turns dark red at maturity. The color of immature fruit is dark green and turns dark red at maturity. The fruits are mid in pungency with 0.51% capsaicin contest., high dry matter (22.5%) and good vit. ‘c’ (109.95mg/100g) content. The deep red colored fruits make it specially suitable for making chilli paste for export purposes. The average yield of red ripe fruits is 110 q/acre.


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BHINDI

Important variety:

Punjab-8: Plants are medium tall with splashes of purple pigmentation present on the stem. Leaves are deeply lobed and less serrated. Leaves, stem and petiole are less hairy degree of resistance to yellow vein mosaic virus  and  is tolerant to jassid and borer. It is suitable for processing. Average marketable yield is 55 q/acre. It is suitable for February-march as well as June - July sowings.

 

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PEA

Important variety:

Early maturing:

Arkel: Arkel is an early variety and takes about 60-65 days from showing to marketable green pod stage. Plants are dwarf  (30-45cm). Pods are borne both double and single and are attractive, dark green, well filled 8-10cm. Long and each contains 7 or 8 dark green seeds with a shelling percentage of 40. Dry seeds are light green and winkled. It is also good for dehydration. It is suitable for sowing in the week of October under the irrigated conditions. It yields to pods or 3.5 quintals of seeds per acre.

 

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TURNIP:

L-1: the root is round. Pure white, smooth rat-tailed and crisp with mid flavour. It can be harvested within 45 to 60 days of sowing. It yields about 105 quintals of roots per acre.

4-white: it is an early maturing desi type. Its roots are white, round, medium sized and 60 days. The average yield is about 80 quintals of per acre.

 

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BEET LEAF (PALAK)

Important varieties:

Punjab green: The plants are semi-erect, foliage is shining dark green, thick, long, sweet, succulent and free from sourness. There is mid purple pigmentation on stem. It is ready for first cutting after 30 days of sowing and yield on an average 125 quintals per acre. It is slow bolter. It has low oxalic acid which is desirable trait in greens.

 

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